Fifteen years ago, no cosmologist would have predicted mature galaxies early on, but they keep getting found – earlier and earlier.
Astronomers just set a new record. They found mature galaxies dated at just 1.6 billion years after the big bang, a mere 12% of its assumed age. Science Daily explains in “Galaxies in the early universe mature beyond their years”–:
An international team of researchers has discovered the most distant examples of galaxies in the early universe that were already mature and massive. The mature galaxies were found at a record-breaking distance of 12 billion light years, seen when the universe was just 1.6 billion years old. Their existence at such an early time raises new questions about what forced them to grow up so quickly.
This is what is called a falsification: a failed prediction of what was previously believed. To adjust the consensus cosmology, astronomers are forced to postulate new mechanisms for forcing galaxies to grow up quickly. This has the drawback of undermining the uniformity of nature, requiring “special pleading” to get a theory to work. Astronomer Karl Glazebrook (Swinburne University of Technology) decided to turn the falsification into a celebration:
“Fifteen years ago they were predicted not to even exist within the cosmological model favoured at the time. In 2004 I wrote a paper on the discovery of such galaxies existing only three billion years after the Big Bang. Now, with improved technology we are pushing back to only 1.6 billion years, which is truly exciting.”
The excitement covers up the weeping that should come from being so wrong. Fifteen mature galaxies were found from that epoch. Judging from their infrared spectrum, they were just as large and massive as the Milky Way.
Astronomers used deep images at near-infrared wavelengths to search for galaxies in the early Universe with red colours. These red colours indicate the presence of old stars and a lack of active star formation. Surprisingly, they located 15 galaxies at an average distance of 12 billion light years — only 1.6 billion years after the Big Bang.
According to Thomas Kuhn’s philosophy of scientific revolutions, anomalies accumulate until a new paradigm emerges. These astronomers appear determined to keep this anomaly within the old paradigm:
“While the Milky Way still forms new stars at a slow rate today, the galaxies we discovered must have formed very rapidly in a relatively ‘short’ time — roughly one billion years — with explosive rates of star-formation. These must have been several hundred times higher than in the Milky Way today,” Macquarie University’s Dr Lee Spitler said.
“This is the best evidence to date that these galaxies grew up in a hurry. People have reported ‘old’ galaxies before, but it was never clear until our data that they were actually ‘old’. The excellent imaging products from the Magellan telescope allowed us to prove they are indeed ‘old’.“
Kuhn described “normal science” within a paradigm as a puzzle-solving enterprise. If there’s any way to keep these new anomalies inside the standard cosmological paradigm of the 1990s, they have some pretty massive puzzles to work on. “The finding raises new questions about how these galaxies formed so rapidly and why they stopped forming stars so early,” the article says.
Why is it so hard for scientists to admit they were wrong? Why do they show no shame? This “early maturity” anomaly started over a decade ago (1/08/02), but the standard CDM cosmology stumbles on, with its protagonists, in a drunken walk, hollering “Cheer! [hiccup] cheer!” Society continues to hold these people up as intellectual wizards. Would you do that with a financial advisor, who keeps making you spend money on losing stocks that he promised would make you rich? Would you vote for politicians who keep breaking their promises? Why do we put up with losers in science? They should get out and take up truck driving. Notice that we are not criticizing their skill at math, their knowledge of astronomical terms and concepts, or their instruments and observations. What we criticize is their materialistic, evolutionary theory that keeps failing the test, over and over and over again.
The theory is in such desperate straits that they have to (1) invent dark matter to hold things together, (2) invent dark energy to explain the surprise of universal acceleration, (3) invent inflation to gloss over the horizon problem, (4) exaggerate the tiniest perturbations to overcome the lumpiness problem, and now, (5) imagine rates of star birth that are hundreds of times faster than previously thought possible, but then shut off inexplicably. Talk about special pleading! Empiricists should be aghast.
Keep in mind that there is a big difference between scientific observation and scientific explanation. Just because you can observe something does not mean you have a clue how it came to be. Another example is seen in planetary science: NASA and ESA scientists are best in the world at building spacecraft and observing the planets (and they can steer these craft with pinpoint accuracy), but they have been egregiously wrong in their explanations at practically every planet and moon, between what they predicted they would find and what they actually found.
There is one thing in this morass we can know with absolute certainty: Neil de Grasse Tyson and the Cosmos crowd (3/10/14) will exalt this theory as a triumph of the Enlightenment, achieved by the wise men of science who manufacture knowledge for us with a trustworthy method – you know, as opposed to those religious obscurantists who run around looking for thinking people to burn at the stake. If you are caught up in that mentality, you need some serious deprogramming. Please listen to Dr. Michael Egnor’s description of the rise of modern science on the ID the Future podcast, and read Casey Luskin’s list of the modern Inquisition trials on Evolution News & Views. It’s not just evolution skeptics who are appalled at Tyson’s distortion of the Bruno affair (Evolution News & Views).
Sadly, many Christians and theistic evolutionists exalt the same theory as proof of creation. All cosmic expansion can show, however, is that the universe had a beginning. The rest of the sorry CDM (cold dark matter) model with all its ad hoc pleadings should be shunned, not embraced. Watch out for those who lead you to worship the wizards, thinking that “Oh, these people are so smart! They must be right!” That’s a non-sequitur of cosmic proportions.