Batty Illogic Published in Evolutionary Paper
Scientific papers do not emerge from pure realms of wisdom and knowledge. They are written by people, who can be illogical sometimes.
One has to be pretty smart and well-educated to get into the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). The criteria for getting published in the Proceedings of the NAS are stringent. Somehow, though, the criteria for evidential rigor and sound logic are relaxed when the subject is evolution. Here’s what a recent paper by evolutionists primarily from China said in PNAS about “Adaptive evolution of energy metabolism genes and the origin of flight in bats” —
Bat flight poses intriguing questions about how flight independently developed in mammals. Flight is among the most energy-consuming activities. Thus, we deduced that changes in energy metabolism must be a primary factor in the origin of flight in bats. The respiratory chain of the mitochondrial produces 95% of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) needed for locomotion. Because the respiratory chain has a dual genetic foundation, with genes encoded by both the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes, we examined both genomes to gain insights into the evolution of flight within mammals. Evidence for positive selection was detected in 23.08% of the mitochondrial-encoded and 4.90% of nuclear-encoded oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) genes, but in only 2.25% of the nuclear-encoded nonrespiratory genes that function in mitochondria or 1.005% of other nuclear genes in bats. To address the caveat that the two available bat genomes are of only draft quality, we resequenced 77 OXPHOS genes from four species of bats. The analysis of the resequenced gene data are in agreement with our conclusion that a significantly higher proportion of genes involved in energy metabolism, compared with background genes, show evidence of adaptive evolution specific on the common ancestral bat lineage. Both mitochondrial and nuclear-encoded OXPHOS genes display evidence of adaptive evolution along the common ancestral branch of bats, supporting our hypothesis that genes involved in energy metabolism were targets of natural selection and allowed adaptation to the huge change in energy demand that were required during the origin of flight.
These evolutionists must surely know that the earliest fossil bat is already 100% bat (2/16/08, 4/20/06, 1/28/05). That empirical problem aside, the authors of this paper assume that the presence of “genes involved in energy metabolism” was sufficient to create flying mammals. The high-performance genes for ATP production (involving the exquisite molecular machine, ATP synthase) somehow made a ground-based rodent take off into the air, with all the systems involved for powered flight. Why? Because natural selection “allowed” it. Since flight “required” a huge change in energy demand, once the genes arrived (somehow), the “origin of flight” resulted.
We’re holding up this example of patho-logical inebriation (i.e., drunken stupor) for the world to see that scientists can say really dumb things when under the influence of Darwine. Don’t let their jargon fool you. This is blubbering foolishness masquerading as scholarship.
Let’s apply this theory to flying dogs. Some dogs are high-strung, and some are calm. The high-strung dogs meet the stringent requirements for flight, don’t they? Tell your dog you “allow” him or her to fly, and watch natural selection bring “the origin of flight” to pass.
Some horses are high-strung, too. Maybe we could call this the Pegasus Theory of Evolution. If energy requirements being met is all that’s necessary for horses to fly, then evolutionists should expect to find flying horses in the fossil record. Maybe unicorns, too.